The Joystream Manifesto
Our Manifesto sets out each the issues we consider are related to digital media platforms in their present form as well as our proposed resolution to those considerations.
We imagine that artwork, be it as literature, music, movie, games or efficiency, is a crucial device via which societies establish a shared understanding of what is widespread knowledge amongst all members. These expressions define values and narratives that find yourself shaping tradition, religion and even public coverage. It therefore issues deeply how it is financed, distributed and paid for.
Digital media has turn into the first medium through which such expression is distributed, and digital media platforms have turn out to be the key establishments organizing this exercise.
Unfortunately, because of network https://www.joystream.org/ effects, economies of scale, rules and political interests, we are today left with handful of massive institutions which set the phrases for how this occurs. They are nearly entirely unaccountable to regular market and political mechanisms.
As a end result, our tales, expressions and interactions are managed and filtered on their phrases. This continues to generate an ever changing set of issues, be it inflexible monetization, censorship of controversial speech, inequitable sharing of features with creators and audience, low platform innovation or lack of credibility with third get together builders.
We name for an arrangement where media platforms are accountable to the people they impression, which are primarily their users, be it as shoppers, creatives, third celebration developer or workers.
It is the absence of such accountability which is the fundamental supply of any explicit drawback at any particular time.
Our core thesis is that there are two basic challenges which have to be addressed to attain this aim, and that an acceptable application of up to date distributed methods technology, together with blockchains, smart contracts and tokens, is the proper means to do so.
First is the question of the way to create an alternative from scratch in the face of platform externalities which make any new platform almost useless, no matter any of its inherent traits. The means of doing this kind of bootstrapping has historically been principally an artwork, the place success has rarely been reproducible.
We imagine that blockchain tokens, earned by and issued to early participants, have been shown to be extremely effective at mobilizing, integrating and motivating a global and dynamic community.
This has now repeatedly allowed nascent communities, just like the Bitcoin group, to overcome the preliminary network impact hurdle. There is not any certainty that this shall be adequate, however we consider this mechanism is as promising as anything which is likely to have a chance in a very long time.
Accountability at scale
Second is the query of how to create and sustain accountability in such a platform when it truly reaches scale.
We perceive there to be two fundamental ways in which participants can maintain establishments of any kind accountable: Voice and exit, in the tradition of Hirschman A. O.
Voice is the method of trying to improve or reform the functioning of an establishment from within. The effectiveness of this is determined by some capacity to both share dependable information with other members, and have some impact on inside governance processes. Current media platforms provide customers no effective way of doing either.
We believe that blockchains provide an organizational and economic infrastructure which might address both problems. The public, verifiable and immutable historical past of economic and administrative data, provides a wonderful basis for customers to know the present and past state of the platform. This permits anybody to make incontestable claims about related details and circumstances.
Further, blockchain tokens permit us to make use and control of a platform inseparable, giving customers an automated seat at the desk in deliberating over platform degree selections.
All that is required to establish, exercise or switch the capacity to take part in such exercise, is the ability to sign messages with identifiable cryptographic keys. Perfectly reliable contracting provides a big, dynamic and unrestricted set of customers the means of governing the platform. This can serve a wide range of functions, corresponding to enterprise tasks, regulating participation in several formally specified roles, or even updating the institutional guidelines themselves. This integration of dependable contracting into the economic rails supplies an organizational infrastructure far more in line with our goals of inclusive control than the normal jurisdictional belief based mostly infrastructure.
Exit is the strategy of entirely ending participation in an institution in favor of both joining or creating another. The effectiveness of this depends on costs of leaving, and both joining or creating an alternative, all being low compared to the deprivation within the present institution. This is currently not the case.
By constructing platforms based mostly on free open supply software program, open protocols and open knowledge — as is the case with Blockchain techniques, one dramatically lowers these prices. Since customers management their own information, id and assets, they’ve a a lot simpler time becoming a member of new platforms, and even taking their friends with them.
Open protocols and information will make multi homing interfaces ample, the place customers could not even need to switch, however as a substitute use a number of platforms concurrently, which encourages platform level competition.
Even more dramatically, reliance on open source means that all of the software capital of a platform can simply be reused, and since the whole organizational state can also be public, whole ecosystems may be forked to create new various platforms with modified policies and aims.